Lion Dance

Lion Dance Gesamtwertungen und Bewertungen

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Lion Dance

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The lion dance combines art, history and kung fu moves. Normally the performers are kung fu practitioners, and a group of Lion Dancers consist of about 10 people.

Lion dances take place during the first few days of the Chinese New Year. The dance of a Lion is preformed by two performers, one at the head of the lion, one at the tail of the lion.

A mirror is attached to the head of the lion. Mirrors are believed to expel negative energy, evil and bad spirits, since negative energy would be reflected backwards, evil spirit would be frightened by their own appearance when looking into the mirror and hence would disappear.

A Lion Dance starts and ends at a temple, where the lions will pay respect not only to the temple and its deities, but to the ancestral hall as well see: Ancestor Worship.

The procession will lead through the streets, bringing joy and happiness to the people. Respect will be paid to all temple and its deities located en route.

The violence became so extreme that at one point the Hong Kong government banned lion dance completely. Now, as with many other countries, lion dance troupes must attain a permit from the government in order to perform lion dance.

Although there is still a certain degree of competitiveness, troupes are a lot less violent and aggressive. Nowadays, whenever teams meet each other, they'll shake hands through the mouth of the lion to show sportsmanship.

In a traditional performance, when the dancing lion enters a village or township, it is supposed to pay its respects first at the local temple s , then to the ancestors at the ancestral hall , and finally through the streets to bring happiness to all the people.

Lion dance has spread across the world due to the worldwide presence of the diaspora Chinese communities and immigrant settlers in many countries in the Americas , Europe , Asia , Africa , Australia , Pacific Polynesia , and in particular, in South East Asia where there is a large overseas Chinese presence.

The dance has evolved considerably since the early days when it was performed as a skill part of Chinese martial arts , and has grown into a more artistic art that takes into accounts the lion's expression and the natural movements, as well as the development of a more elaborate acrobatic styles and skills during performances.

This evolution and development has produced the modern form of lion dances, and competitions are held to find the best lion dance performances.

These can reach 3m for normal heights, but championship poles can go up to 6m. The competition is judged based on the skill and liveliness of the "lion" together with the creativity of the stunts and choreographed moves, as well as the difficulty of the acrobatics, and rhythmic and pulsating live instrumental accompaniment that can captivate the spectators and the judges of the competition.

The main judging rubric was developed by the International Dragon and Lion Dance Federation, scored out of 10 total points.

Their rubric is used in many professional competitions including Genting. The champion as of is consecutive winner Kun Seng Keng from Malaysia, winners of 11 out of the 13 Genting competitions.

The lion dance is seen as a representative part of Chinese culture in many overseas Chinese communities, [79] and in some South East Asian countries, there were attempts to ban or discourage the dance in order to suppress the Chinese cultural identity in those countries.

In the s and s, during the era when the Hong Kong 's Chinese classic and martial arts movies are very popular, kung fu movies including Jet Li 's Wong Fei Hung has actually indirectly shows and indicates how lion dance was practiced with the kung fu close co-relation and kung fu during that time.

In those days the lion dance was mostly practised and performed as Wushu or kung fu skills, with the challenge for the 'lion' built of chairs and tables stacked up together for the 'lion' to perform its stunts and accomplish its challenge.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Main articles: Reog and Barong mythology. Accompanying the lion dance. China portal.

McGill-Queen's University Press. Chinese Text Project. The History of Chinese Dance. University of Michigan Press. International Journal of Central Asian Studies.

Kleinere Schriften: Publikationen aus der Zeit von bis They were thus supposed to drive out evil forces and the cold of the winter.

Asian Material Culture. Amsterdam University Press. Picken Music for a Lion Dance of the Song Dynasty. Musica Asiatica: volume 4. Cambridge University Press.

Idema, ed. Archived from the original on Retrieved Geibun Shoin. Mooncakes and Hungry Ghosts: Festivals of China.

Yuefu Zalu. Taiwan study published Ltd. Encyclopedia of China: History and Culture. Facts On File Inc. China Daily. Life of Guangzhou.

Shaolin Lohan Pai Dance Troupe. The People's Government of Henan Province. The Lion Arts. Kung Fu Tea. In Xiaojian Zhao; Edward J.

Park eds. Greenwood Press. The Chinese Art of Lion Dancing. Friends of the Museums. New Straits Times. Singapore Hok San Association. Chinese Lion Dancers.

Archived from the original on 28 August Haivenu Travel Blogs. Vietnamese Dance. April 15, Archived from the original on March 4, O'Neill's Photographic Archive of Matsuri.

Deep Japan. Old Photos of Japan. Princeton University Press. Encyclopedia of Shinto. A Popular Dictionary of Shinto. KBS World Radio. April 7, Korea: A Historical and Cultural Dictionary.

Cultural Heritage Administration. Tal and Talchum. Gil-Job-Ie Media. Korean Herald. September 16, Tibet Views. India Travel. Dances of India.

Material Tibet. Snow Lion Tour. A view on Buddhism. Animism and the Question of Life. Sobania Culture and Customs of Kenya. Praeger Publishers.

The Star. The average size is closer to feet, though. Odd numbers are auspicious , so look for teams of 9, 11, 13, or 15 performers involved at once.

The "ultimate" dragon dance is rare and involves nine a very auspicious number choreographed dragons being controlled by an army of performers in a large venue.

Along with the abundant symbolism attached to dragons in Chinese culture , the longer the dragon, the more prosperity and good fortune attracted.

In some styles of dragon dances, you'll see the animal trailing a spherical object representing wisdom.

Lion dances are more prevalent than dragon dances, but larger celebrations will often have both. Besides Chinese New Year celebrations , a guaranteed place to see the performances, you can often observe them at cultural festivals, business openings at the Erawan Shrine in Bangkok , weddings, and generally anytime a crowd needs to be drawn in China.

Because of the skill, dexterity, and stamina required for Chinese lion and dragon dances, the performers are often kung fu students.

Joining a dance troupe is an honor and demands even more time and discipline from martial arts students who already have a regular training regimen.

The more lions and dragons that a martial arts school can produce, the more influential and successful it is considered. Chinese lion dances are a way for a kung fu school to "show its stuff.

During the s, lion dances were even banned in Hong Kong because competing troupes would hide weapons in their lions to attack teams from rival schools.

The old legacy of respect for the skills of lion dancers has since been preserved. Today, many governments in Asia require that martial arts schools get a permit before performing.

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Lion Dance - Dateiverwendung

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A mirror is attached to the head of the lion. Mirrors are believed to expel negative energy, evil and bad spirits, since negative energy would be reflected backwards, evil spirit would be frightened by their own appearance when looking into the mirror and hence would disappear.

A Lion Dance starts and ends at a temple, where the lions will pay respect not only to the temple and its deities, but to the ancestral hall as well see: Ancestor Worship.

The procession will lead through the streets, bringing joy and happiness to the people. Respect will be paid to all temple and its deities located en route.

The green here refers to vegetable leaves which are tied to a piece of string which also has a red packet attached containing money.

The string is hung above the door of the business, shop or home , and the lion 'eats' both, the leaves and the red packet.

Lying on the floor the leaves are 'chewed' by the lion while the musicians play a dramatic rolling crescendo.

The lull is broken as the lion explodes back into activity, spitting out the leaves. This is a symbolic act of blessing by the lion, with the spitting out of the leaves signifying that there will be an abundance of everything in the coming year.

While fascinating, entertaining and richly this ritual demonstrates how one should approach the ineffable - with good humour and dexterity.

There are various styles of lions and lion dances, though the biggest distinction is the Northern and the Southern. The Southern dance is more symbolic as mentioned above and preformed during Chinese New Year celebrations.

The dance is typically accompanied by martial artists and acrobatics. The good-hearted spirit, according to popular beliefs, has the power to summon the auspicious unicorn, and thus during the dance, takes the lead in clearing the path for the unicorn.

This is because teams used to fight each other and resulted in the horn being kicked off constantly. To solve this problem, many Vietnamese teams have requested no horns to make it harder for the opponent to damage the lion.

It is thought to have been imported from China during the Tang Dynasty, and became associated with celebration of Buddha's Birthday.

It is also performed at other festivals and celebrations. In some of these performances, the lions may bite people on the head to bring good luck.

The lion dance has been completely absorbed into Japanese tradition. There are many different lion dances in Japan and the style of dancing and design of the lion may differ by region — it is believed that as many as 9, variations of the dance exist in the country.

Shishi kagura may be found in different forms - for example the daikagura which is mainly acrobatic, the yamabushi kagura , a type of theatrical performance done by yamabushi ascetics, [50] and also in bangaku and others.

The Japanese lion consists of a wooden, lacquered head called a shishi-gashira lit. Lion Head , often with a characteristic body of green dyed cloth with white designs.

It can be manipulated by a single person, or by two or more persons, one of whom manipulates the head. The one-man variety is most often seen in eastern Japan.

Deer Dance. Historically the word shishi may refer to any wild four-legged animal, and some of these dances with different beasts may therefore also be referred to as shishi-mai.

In Okinawa , a similar dance exists, though the lion there is considered to be a legendary shisa. The heads, bodies and behavior of the shisa in the dance are quite different from the shishi on mainland Japan.

Instead of dancing to the sounds of flutes and drums, the Okinawan shisa dance is often performed to folk songs played with the sanshin.

It may have been recorded as early as the King Jinheung 's reign in the 6th century during which a tune titled "The Lion's Talent" was composed that could be a reference to a lion dance.

Lion dance as an exorcism ritual began to be performed in the New Year in Korea during the Goryeo dynasty. In this lion dance the lion with a large but comic lion mask and brown costume may be performed together with performers wearing other masks.

The lion masks of Pongsan and Gangnyeong may feature rolling eyes and bells meant to frighten demons when they make a sound as the lion moves.

In the Himalayan and Tibetan area, there is also a lion dance called the snow lion dance. This dance may be found in Tibet and also among Tibetan diaspora communities where it is called Senggeh Garcham , [64] Nepal , and parts of Northeastern India — among the Monpa people in Arunachal Pradesh , [65] in Sikkim where it is called Singhi Chham , [66] and in some parts of Uttar Pradesh and Ladakh.

The Snow Lion is regarded as an emblem of Tibet and the Snow Lion Dance is a popular dance in Tibetan communities and it is performed during festivals such as during the ritual dance cham festival and the New Year.

The snow lion represents the snowy mountain ranges and glaciers of Tibet and is considered highly auspicious, and it may also symbolize a number of characteristics, such as power and strength, [67] and fearlessness and joy.

The Chinese lion dance is referred to as barongsai in Indonesia, often performed by Chinese Indonesian during Imlek. Indonesians however, have developed their own style of lion dances.

The lion dance Indonesian : barong in Indonesia has different forms that are distinct to the local cultures in Indonesia, and it is not known if these have any relation to the Chinese lion.

In Hindu Balinese culture, the Barong is the king of good spirits and the enemy of the demon queen Rangda.

Like the Chinese lion, it requires more dancers than in the Javanese Reog , typically involving two dancers.

The Reog dance of Ponorogo in Java involves a lion figure known as the singa barong. It is held on special occasions such as the Lebaran Eid al-Fitr , City or Regency anniversary, or Independence day carnival.

He is credited with exceptional strength. The warok may also carry an adolescent boy or girl on its head. When holding an adolescent boy or girl on his head, the Reog dancer holds the weight up to total kilograms.

The great mask that spans over 2. It has gained international recognition as the world's largest mask. Around the world there are lion dances that are local to their area and unrelated to the Chinese dance.

For example, various tribes in Africa, such as the Maasai and Samburu people of Kenya, used to perform the lion dance to celebrate a successful lion hunt, considered by these tribes to be a prestigious act and a sign of bravery.

The dancers may also reenact a lion hunt. Some of them make a headdress out of the mane of the slain lion or out of other animals and wear the headdress in the dance.

The Chinese Lion Dance is performed accompanied by the music of beating of tanggu drum in Singapore , datanggu , cymbals , and gongs.

Instruments synchronize to the lion dance movements and actions. Each style plays a unique beat. This has contributed to the evolution of how people can play lion dance music - which eliminates the need to carry around instruments which can be quite large.

The most common style is Sar Ping lion dance beats. This has more than 22 different testings that you can use to show the lion's movement, whereas fut san has only around 7.

The lion dance costumes used in these performances can only be custom made in specialty craft shops in rural parts of Asia and have to be imported at considerable expense for most foreign countries outside Asia.

For groups in Western countries, this is made possible through funds raised through subscriptions and pledges made by members of local cultural and business societies.

For countries like Malaysia with a substantial Chinese population, local expertise may be available in making the "lion" costumes and musical instruments without having to import them from China.

Most modern Southern Lion dance costumes come with a set of matching pants, however some practitioners use black kung fu pants to appear more traditional.

Modern lion dance costumes are made to be very durable and some are waterproof. They practice in their club and some train hard to master the skill as one of the disciplines of the martial art.

In general, it is seen that if a school has a capable troupe with many 'lions', it demonstrates the success of the school.

It is also generally practised together with Dragon dance in some area. The "greens" qing is tied together with a " red envelope " containing money and may also include auspicious fruit like oranges.

The "lion" will dance and approach the "green" and "red envelope" like a curious cat, to "eat the green" and "spit" it out but keep the "red envelope" which is the reward for the lion troupe.

The lion dance is believed to bring good luck and fortune to the business. During the Qing Dynasty , there may be additional hidden meanings in the performances, for example the green vegetables qing eaten by the lion may represent the Qing Manchus.

But the difficulties of the challenge should come with the bigger the rewards of the "red envelope" given. These events became a public challenge.

A large sum of money was rewarded, and the audience expected a good show. Sometimes, if lions from multiple martial arts schools approached the lettuce at the same time, the lions are supposed to fight to decide a winner.

The lions had to fight with stylistic lion moves instead of chaotic street fighting styles. The audience would judge the quality of the martial art schools according to how the lions fought.

Since the schools' reputations were at stake, the fights were usually fierce but civilized. The winner lion would then use creative methods and martial art skills to reach the high-hanging reward.

Some lions may dance on bamboo stilts and some may step on human pyramids formed by fellow students of the school.

The performers and the schools would gain praise and respect on top of the large monetary reward when they did well. The lion dance troupes are sometimes accompanied by various characters such as the Big Head Buddha,.

During the ss, in some areas with high population of Chinese and Asian communities especially the Chinatown in many foreign countries abroad China in the world, people who joined lion dance troupes were "gangster-like" and there was a lot of fighting between lion dance troupes and kung fu schools.

Parents were afraid to let their children join lion dance troupes because of the "gangster" association with the members.

During festivals and performances, when lion dance troupes met, there may be fights between groups. Some lifts and acrobatic tricks are designed for the lion to "fight" and knock over other rival lions.

The violence became so extreme that at one point the Hong Kong government banned lion dance completely. Now, as with many other countries, lion dance troupes must attain a permit from the government in order to perform lion dance.

Although there is still a certain degree of competitiveness, troupes are a lot less violent and aggressive.

Nowadays, whenever teams meet each other, they'll shake hands through the mouth of the lion to show sportsmanship. In a traditional performance, when the dancing lion enters a village or township, it is supposed to pay its respects first at the local temple s , then to the ancestors at the ancestral hall , and finally through the streets to bring happiness to all the people.

Lion dance has spread across the world due to the worldwide presence of the diaspora Chinese communities and immigrant settlers in many countries in the Americas , Europe , Asia , Africa , Australia , Pacific Polynesia , and in particular, in South East Asia where there is a large overseas Chinese presence.

The dance has evolved considerably since the early days when it was performed as a skill part of Chinese martial arts , and has grown into a more artistic art that takes into accounts the lion's expression and the natural movements, as well as the development of a more elaborate acrobatic styles and skills during performances.

This evolution and development has produced the modern form of lion dances, and competitions are held to find the best lion dance performances.

These can reach 3m for normal heights, but championship poles can go up to 6m. The competition is judged based on the skill and liveliness of the "lion" together with the creativity of the stunts and choreographed moves, as well as the difficulty of the acrobatics, and rhythmic and pulsating live instrumental accompaniment that can captivate the spectators and the judges of the competition.

The main judging rubric was developed by the International Dragon and Lion Dance Federation, scored out of 10 total points. Their rubric is used in many professional competitions including Genting.

The champion as of is consecutive winner Kun Seng Keng from Malaysia, winners of 11 out of the 13 Genting competitions. The lion dance is seen as a representative part of Chinese culture in many overseas Chinese communities, [79] and in some South East Asian countries, there were attempts to ban or discourage the dance in order to suppress the Chinese cultural identity in those countries.

In the s and s, during the era when the Hong Kong 's Chinese classic and martial arts movies are very popular, kung fu movies including Jet Li 's Wong Fei Hung has actually indirectly shows and indicates how lion dance was practiced with the kung fu close co-relation and kung fu during that time.

In those days the lion dance was mostly practised and performed as Wushu or kung fu skills, with the challenge for the 'lion' built of chairs and tables stacked up together for the 'lion' to perform its stunts and accomplish its challenge.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Main articles: Reog and Barong mythology. Accompanying the lion dance. China portal.

McGill-Queen's University Press. Chinese Text Project. The History of Chinese Dance. University of Michigan Press.

International Journal of Central Asian Studies. Kleinere Schriften: Publikationen aus der Zeit von bis They were thus supposed to drive out evil forces and the cold of the winter.

Asian Material Culture. Amsterdam University Press. Picken Music for a Lion Dance of the Song Dynasty. Musica Asiatica: volume 4.

Cambridge University Press. Idema, ed. Archived from the original on Retrieved Geibun Shoin. Mooncakes and Hungry Ghosts: Festivals of China.

Yuefu Zalu. Taiwan study published Ltd. Encyclopedia of China: History and Culture. Facts On File Inc. China Daily.

Life of Guangzhou. Shaolin Lohan Pai Dance Troupe. The People's Government of Henan Province. The Lion Arts. Kung Fu Tea.

In Xiaojian Zhao; Edward J. Park eds. Greenwood Press. The Chinese Art of Lion Dancing. Friends of the Museums.

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Lion Dance Video

2018 Genting World Lion Dance Championship: Yi Wei Athletic Association

Lion Dance - Dateiversionen

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